Posted by: secondeguerremondialeclairegrube | May 18, 2011

Facteurs de fécondité

Facteurs de fécondité

Grüß Gott !

La courbe des naissances se redresse vivement, en France, à partir de l’an 1942. Les facteurs de ce redressement sont nombreux.

La France de Vichy / Vichy France Old Guard and New Order /1940-1944 / Robert O. Paxton / Seuil / 1999:

« Il était difficile de relever le taux de natalité pendant l’occupation. Il y avait deux millions de prisonniers dans les camps, un grand nombre de familles écartelées par la ligne de démarcation et le service du travail obligatoire en Allemagne allait bouleverser l’existence des jeunes Français. »

« Cependant, au début de la guerre déjà, on pouvait voir que le taux de fécondité s’élevait, il devait atteindre, à la fin des hostilités, le niveau le plus haut enregistré depuis un siècle. Il ne s’agit pas non plus de la hausse du taux de natalité habituelle à la fin de toute guerre, puisque la tendance s’était amorcée au cours des jours les plus sombres. »

La vie parisienne sous l’occupation / Hervé le Boterf / Paris le jour / France mémoire / 1974:

« Les médecins sont bien obligés de constater que la malnutrition dont souffrent les citadins affecte également leur virilité. La bagatelle est nettement en baisse de qualité… et d’efficacité. »

La France à l’heure allemande / 1940-1944 / Philippe Burrin / Seuil / 1997:

« Le 9 juillet 1940, Copeau, se rendant à Dijon, croit voir que les femmes commencent à se rapprocher des Allemands, plus séduisants que les chétifs réformés français ou les vieillards étiques demeurés en ville. »

Les mémoires des femmes / Paulette Bascou-Bance / Internet:

« Ainsi la femme de 1940-41 est-elle brutalement placée devant sa culpabilité de mère défaillante. Il est impossible de déterminer dans quelle mesure le climat créé autour d’elles a influé sur son comportement -exactement inverse- en face de la maternité, depuis vingt cinq ans. Mais un fait s’impose. Dès 1943, le courant mortel de la dépopulation se renverse. En pleine guerre. En pleine famine. »

« Le fait que le redressement spectaculaire de la courbe de natalité ne se soit pas ralenti  prouve qu’il s’agit d’une vague de fond, mais ne nous renseigne pas sur – l’origine lointaine de cette vague … »

Cairn.webnext.com / Discours corporatiste, propagande nataliste, et contrôle social sous Vichy / Internet:

« À première vue donc, la politique démographique de Vichy attire l’attention parce qu’elle semble avoir réussi. Après 1942, le taux de fertilité grimpa pour la première fois depuis des décennies, passant d’un niveau de 13,2% en 1941 à un taux de 14,6% en 1942,15,8% en 1943, et 16,2% en 1944 (ceci ne représente pas le niveau de croissance de la population, mais bien le taux moyen de fertilité). »

« Ce qui frappe le plus dans ce renversement, ce ne sont pas les chiffres absolus, mais plutôt leurs valeurs relatives, lorsqu’on tient compte du fait que le taux de fertilité avait chuté presque sans interruption entre 1920 et 1939, à une exception près, une bien modeste hausse de 0,3% en 1929-1930. »

« C’est dans ce contexte qu’il conviendrait de situer l’accroissement constaté pendant trois ans sous Vichy. Il va sans dire que toute tentative d’établir une causalité directe entre les formes de propagande nataliste pétainistes et le taux de fertilité serait une pure conjecture, un exercice en outre fort périlleux. »

« En effet, de nombreux – facteurs externes – auraient pu contribuer au basculement démographique de 1942. »

******************************************

Selon le Professeur, les facteurs externes s’appelaient :

Hans,                                                                                                                                                Kurt,                                                                                                                                                         Helmut,                                                                                                                                                Jürgen,                                                                                                                                                Wilpert,                                                                                                                                               Franz,                                                                                                                                                   Peter,                                                                                                                                                    Friedrich,                                                                                                                                           Willibad,                                                                                                                                              Ernst,                                                                                                                                                    Fritz,                                                                                                                                                      Siegfried,                                                                                                                                             Karl,                                                                                                                                                       Hermann,                                                                                                                                               Günter,                                                                                                                                                 Eberhard,                                                                                                                                        Wilhelm,                                                                                                                                             Anton,                                                                                                                                               Edmund,                                                                                                                                           Rüdrich,                                                                                                                                           Erich,                                                                                                                                                 Klaus,                                                                                                                                                 Manfred,                                                                                                                                           Ludwig,                                                                                                                                             Alois,                                                                                                                                                 Wolfgang,                                                                                                                                         Eckhard,                                                                                                                                           Werner,                                                                                                                                            Rudolf,                                                                                                                                               Horst,                                                                                                                                                   Elmar,                                                                                                                                                  Richard,                                                                                                                                              Berthold,                                                                                                                                            Jens,                                                                                                                                                     Rüdiger,                                                                                                                                              Johann,                                                                                                                                               Heinz,                                                                                                                                                  Otto,                                                                                                                                                     Reinhold,                                                                                                                                           Stefan,                                                                                                                                                 Wilfried,                                                                                                                                              Georg,                                                                                                                                                  Wedekind,                                                                                                                                          Rupert,                                                                                                                                                Gottwin,                                                                                                                                              Josef,                                                                                                                                                    Gottfried,                                                                                                                                            Konrad,                                                                                                                                               Walter,                                                                                                                                                 Anselm,                                                                                                                                              Udo,                                                                                                                                                      Fridolin,                                                                                                                                              Norbert,                                                                                                                                              Balduin,                                                                                                                                                Ulfried,                                                                                                                                             Wigand,                                                                                                                                            Markward,                                                                                                                                      Gerald,                                                                                                                                              Detlef,                                                                                                                                                Adalbert,                                                                                                                                         Knut,                                                                                                                                                 Bernhard,                                                                                                                                       Waldemar,                                                                                                                                      Herwig,                                                                                                                                             Bruno,                                                                                                                                               Hendrik,                                                                                                                                           Raimund,                                                                                                                                         Frank,                                                                                                                                               Hartwig,                                                                                                                                           Emmerich,                                                                                                                                      Rolf,                                                                                                                                                    Bodo,                                                                                                                                                 Arnulf,                                                                                                                                              Dieter,                                                                                                                                               Ansfried,                                                                                                                                          Eugen,                                                                                                                                              Volker,                                                                                                                                             Roderich,                                                                                                                                         Herbert,                                                                                                                                           Gerhard,                                                                                                                                          Bernfried,                                                                                                                                        Lothar,                                                                                                                                             Dagobert,                                                                                                                                        Reinhard,                                                                                                                                        Lambert,                                                                                                                                         Meinhard,                                                                                                                                       Erwin,                                                                                                                                              Hartmut,                                                                                                                                         Wolfram,                                                                                                                                          Dietmar,                                                                                                                                                 Engelbert,                                                                                                                                       Gernulf,                                                                                                                                            Norman,                                                                                                                                          Dietbald,                                                                                                                                          Ulrich,                                                                                                                                              Arnold,                                                                                                                                            Siegmund,                                                                                                                                       Alberich,                                                                                                                                         Friedbert,                                                                                                                                       Roland,                                                                                                                                            Alwin,                                                                                                                                               Oswald,                                                                                                                                             Siegmar,                                                                                                                                             Bertram,                                                                                                                                             Otfried,                                                                                                                                               Gundolf,                                                                                                                                             Burghard,                                                                                                                                          Dietrich,                                                                                                                                             Eberhard,                                                                                                                                           Leopold,                                                                                                                                             Winfred,                                                                                                                                              Erhard,                                                                                                                                               Robert,                                                                                                                                               Eckhart,                                                                                                                                             Ivo,                                                                                                                                                       Egbert,                                                                                                                                               Waltram,                                                                                                                                            Ewald,                                                                                                                                                  Friedemann,                                                                                                                                     Gernot,                                                                                                                                               Jordan,                                                                                                                                               Guntram,                                                                                                                                           Hagen,                                                                                                                                                 Falko,                                                                                                                                                  Volkmar,                                                                                                                                           Hubert,                                                                                                                                               Reimar,                                                                                                                                               Hasso,                                                                                                                                                  Ingolf,                                                                                                                                                 Gerwin,                                                                                                                                               Lothar,                                                                                                                                               Moritz,                                                                                                                                                Uwe,                                                                                                                                                     …

liste non exhaustive

Claire GRUBE

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